Clan Adam are a Scottish Clan who do not have a recognised chief, and are therefore termed an armigerous clan.
Origins and Early Adams
This name has a biblical origin and was popular as a first name in Medieval Europe. <ref>David Doward, Dictionary of Scottish Surnames, 2</ref> Of early holders of Adam as a surname, Adam was Abbot of Dryburgh in the 1180s, while another Adam was Abbott of Cupar in 1189. <ref> George Way of Plean and Romilly Squire, Scottish Clan and Family Encyclopedia, 349</ref> Adam son of Adam is recorded as a witness to a charter by William Bruce to Adam of Carlise of the lands of Kynemund. <ref> Plean, Squire, Encyclopedia, 349</ref> Duncan Adam is stated by Anderson to have accompanied James, Lord Douglas, on his pilgrimage to the Holy Lands with the heart of Robert the Bruce. <ref>Plean, Squire, Encyclopedia, 349</ref>
The name comes to prominence in the eighteenth century with the career of the architect William Adam and his sons, Robert and James. William Adam claimed descent from the family of Sir Duncan Adam. <ref>Plean, Squire, Encyclopedia, 349</ref> The Adam family were responsible for many notable classical buildings inside and outside Scotland. <ref>Plean, Squire, Encyclopedia, 349</ref> Major commissions for the aristocracy included Hopetoune House and Culzean Castle. Descendants of this family remained members of the aristocracy and gentry, with their seat at Blair Adam. <ref>Plean, Squire, Encyclopedia, 349</ref>