Clan Anderson are a Scottish kin-group who do not have a recognised chief, and are therefore considered an armigerous clan. They are represented on the Scottish Council of Armigerous Clans and Families by David A. R. Waterton-Anderson KSG. <ref>http://www.clans-families.org/council--members.html</ref>
This surname means 'son of Andrew'. <ref>George Way of Plean and Romilly Squire, Scottish Clan and Family Encyclopedia, 352</ref> The name is originally from the Greek 'Andros' - meaning 'manly'. <ref>David Doward, Dictionary of Scottish Surnames, 6</ref> The cult of St. Andrew was introduced to Scotland in the early medieval period and became a focus for nationalism during the 12th and 13th centuries. As a consequence Andrew became a very popular first name. <ref>Dorward, Surnames, 6</ref> Anderson is the ninth commonest Scottish surname. <ref>Dorward, Surnames, 6</ref> It arises in many different locations due to Scotland's patronymic system and as a result little can be done to show descent from a common ancestor. <ref>Plean, Squire, Encyclopedia, 352</ref>
Thirteenth-century records give the earliest instances of the name and by the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, several burghs were represented in parliament by Andersons.<ref>Plean, Squire, Encyclopedia, 352</ref>
Mystery of the Anderson Chiefs
The Forman-Workman MS of 1566 includes arms for Anderson of that Ilk, implying that a notable Anderson was recorded as representer of the clan, but identification has never been established.<ref>Plean, Squire, Encyclopedia, 352</ref>
In Privy Council records (James V, 2nd April 1526), one James Anderson of Sterheuch was made Carrick Pursuivant of Arms and in this position at the Court of the Lord Lyon, not to have borne and used arms is hard to reconcile.<ref>Plean, Squire, Encyclopedia, 352</ref> It has been suggested that he, and Anderson of that Ilk, were one and the same.<ref>Plean, Squire, Encyclopedia, 352</ref> This James is claimed as ancestor of the Anderson of Noth family in Strathbogle, yet the present senior line remains unknown.<ref>Plean, Squire, Encyclopedia, 352</ref>
Cadets of this line are Anderson of Westerton, (Wester-) Ardbrake and Gracedieu; Anderson of Kinneddar; and Anderson of Newbiggin and Kingask. Other prominent lines were: Anderson of Dowhill; Anderson of Stobcross; Anderson of Inchyra and St Germain; Anderson of Linkwood; Anderson of Bourtie; Seton-Anderson of Mounie; and Anderson of Candacraig.
Clan Anderson Society has been active for some years in North America and St Andrew's Day, 1993 saw the foundation of The Anderson Association in the United Kingdom.