Callender

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Callender

Callender are a Scottish family or kin-group who do not have a chief recognised by the Lord Lyon and therefore are considered an armigerous clan.

Origins

Callendar is a town in Stirlingshire. However it is unclear whether the family takes it name from this location. <ref>George Way of Plean and Romilly Squire, Scottish Clan and Family Encyclopaedia, 370</ref> It is more likely to have an origin near Falkirk. <ref>David Dorward, Dictionary of Scottish Surnames, 36</ref>

Nisbet

Eighteenth century heraldic authority, Alexander Nisbet, claimed that the name’s origin was a Roman from a fort near Ardoch, near Callendar, Stirlingshire. <ref>Plean, Squire, Encyclopedia, 370</ref> This person was said to gather fuel for the fort and was therefore called ‘Calloner’ in Latin- from the Latin ‘calo’ meaning ‘log of wood’. <ref>Plean, Squire, Encyclopedia, 370</ref>

Nisbet also states that the Callenders of that Ilk were royal clerks and this could account for the billets which appear on their coat of arms. These might represent sheets of paper.<ref>Plean, Squire, Encyclopedia, 370</ref>

Middle Ages

In 1282 Richard Callender was constable of Stirling Castle. <ref>Dorward, Surnames, 36</ref>

Patrick Callender supported Edward Balliol’s claim to the Scottish throne and a consequence his lands were confiscated by David II.<ref>Plean, Squire, Encyclopedia, 370</ref> The lands were granted instead to Sir David Livingstone, who married Patrick Callender’s daughter to cement his hold on them.<ref>Plean, Squire, Encyclopedia, 370</ref>

Seventeenth Century

In 1698 John Callender of Craigforth was among the investors in the ill-fated Darien scheme. <ref>James Samuel Barbour, A History of William Paterson and the Darien Company, 259</ref>

Twentieth Century

Hugh Callender was a notable physicist who was Professor of Physics at the Royal College of Science in the early twentieth century. His son, G. S. Callender, advanced the theory of climate change brought about by human activity, a process called the Callender Effect. <ref>Plean, Squire, Encyclopedia, 370</ref> His work is now used as part of the study of global warming.<ref>Plean, Squire, Encyclopedia, 370</ref>


References <references/>