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Clan Cameron

Clan Cameron are a Scottish chiefly family


There are several theories regarding the origin of this name.<ref>George Way of Plean and Romilly Squire, Scottish Clan and Family Encyclopedia, 88</ref> One origin myth is that they are descended from a son of Camchron, King of Denmark, but a more credible explanation is that the first authentic chief of the clan- Donald Dubh- was descended either from the Magillonies or the medieval family of Cameron of Ballegarno in Fife. <ref>Plean, Squire, Encyclopedia, 88</ref> In terms of linguistics the name is traditionally said to derive from two Gaelic words: 'cam' and 'sron'- meaning 'crooked nose'. <ref>David Dorward, Dictionary of Scottish Surnames, 36</ref>It is likely these terms were used in the toponymic and not facial sense. <ref>Dorward, Surnames, 36</ref> Dorward also points to a Fife connection through an early form of the name 'Cambron' which is derived from the lands of Camberone in Fife. <ref>Dorward, Surnames, 36</ref>Donald Dubh (b.1400) married an heiress of the MacMartins of Letterfinlay and united the confederation tribes, who became known as Clan Cameron.<ref>Plean, Squire, Encyclopedia</ref> The clan was officially recognised by a charter in 1472. <ref></ref>

Middle Ages

According to tradition, during the Wars of Scottish Independence, the Clan Cameron fought for King Robert the Bruce, led by Chief John de Cameron against the English at the Battle of Bannockburn in 1314 and later led by Chief John de Cameron the 8th at the Battle of Halidon Hill in 1333. <ref>Stewart, John of Ardvorlich. (1974). The Camerons, A History of Clan Cameron</ref>

The Camerons maintained a long running feud with Clan Mackintosh. One of the first battles was the Battle of Drumlui in 1337 in which a dispute arose between the Clan Mackintosh and Clan Cameron over land at Glenlui and Loch Arkaig. <ref></ref>In 1396 a staged battle between two clans, though to be Camerons and Mackintoshes, was organised in Perth. It was held in a specially prepared arena with seats for spectators. Twelve men from each clan took part and the contest was judged by the king, Robert III. It is debatable which side won. <ref></ref><ref></ref> In 1386 or 1370 the Battle of Invernahavon was fought between Clan Cameron and the Chattan Confederation of Clan MacKintosh, Clan Macpherson and Clan Davidson. <ref></ref>

Ewan Macallan was one of the great Cameron chiefs.<ref>Plean, Squire, Encyclopedia, 88</ref>His successes were undermined by the death of his eldest son, Donald. This event caused him to turn to spiritual matters and he embarked on a pilgrimage to Rome. The pope ordered that he build six chapels to expiate his sins, and the church at Cilachoriel, Roy Bridge, is the site of one of these. <ref>Plean, Squire, Encyclopedia, 88</ref> He later supported the heir of the Lordship of the Isles in an unsuccessful revolt and was executed at Elgin.<ref>Plean, Squire, Encyclopedia, 88</ref>

(To be developed further)