Colquhoun

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Clan Colquhoun

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Clan Colquhoun are a Scottish chiefly family

Origins

This is a Gaelic name which is pronounced 'ca-hoon'. <ref>David Doward, Dictionary of Scottish Surnames, 49</ref> It is probably derived from 'cuil cumhann'- meaning 'narrow corner'.<ref>George Way of Plean and Romilly Squire, 108</ref> <ref>Doward, Surnames, 49</ref>The lands of the Clan Colquhoun were on the shores of Loch Lomond. <ref>George Way of Plean and Romilly Squire, 108</ref> During the reign of Alexander II of Scotland, Umphredus de Kilpatrick received from Malduin, Earl of Lennox, the estates of Colquhoun, Auchentorily and Dumbuck.<ref>George Way of Plean and Romilly Squire, 108</ref>

The Clan Colquhoun chief's early stronghold was at Dunglass Castle, which is perched on a rocky promontory by the River Clyde. Dunglass was also close to the royal Dumbarton Castle, of which later chiefs of Clan Colquhoun were appointed governors and keepers.<ref>George Way of Plean and Romilly Squire, 108</ref>

The chief's title was that of the Barony of Luss which came to the Colquhouns when Sir Robert of Colquhoun married the heiress of the Lord of Luss in about 1368, during the reign of Robert II.<ref>George Way of Plean and Romilly Squire, 108</ref><ref>Sir Thomas Innes of Learney, The Tartans of the Clans and Families of Scotland, 101</ref>

Middle Ages

During the minority of James II of Scotland, Sir John Colquhoun was appointed governor of the royal Dumbarton Castle. However he was murdered during a raid at Inchmurrin in 1439.<ref>George Way of Plean and Romilly Squire, 108</ref> He was succeeded by his son, another Sir John, who rose to be Comptroller of the Royal Household.

He received a charter incorporating all of his lands into the free barony of Luss in 1457.<ref>George Way of Plean and Romilly Squire, 108</ref> A year later he also received the forests of Rossdhu and Glenmachome together with the lands of Kilmardinny. <ref>George Way of Plean and Romilly Squire, 108</ref>

In 1474 Sir John Colquhoun was part of an embassy to Edward IV of England which was to negotiate the marriage between Edward's daughter, Cecilia and the infant James IV of Scotland.<ref>George Way of Plean and Romilly Squire, 108</ref> Sir John fought at the siege of Dunbar Castle which was being held by rebels and there he was killed by a cannonball. <ref>George Way of Plean and Romilly Squire, 108</ref>

The Clan Colqhuhoun also controlled Camstradden Castle that had been acquired by a younger son of Luss in 1395. The sixth Colquhoun Laird of Camstradden was a renowned knight and in 1547 fought at the Battle of Pinkie Cleugh.<ref>George Way of Plean and Romilly Squire, 108</ref>

Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries

The Clan Colquhoun lands were particularly vulnerable to clan raids due to their strategic nature.<ref>George Way of Plean and Romilly Squire, 108</ref> In 1603 Alasdair MacGregor, of Clan MacGregor marched into Colquhoun territory with a force of over four hundred men.<ref>George Way of Plean and Romilly Squire, 108</ref> The chief of Clan Colquhoun had been granted a royal commission to suppress the MacGregors.<ref>George Way of Plean and Romilly Squire, 108</ref>

Colquhoun assembled a force of five hundred foot and three hundred horse and advanced to Glen Fruin to repel the Highland raiders.<ref>George Way of Plean and Romilly Squire, 108</ref> MacGregor split his force in two and while the main MacGregor force and the Colquhouns engaged in combat the second MacGregor force attacked the Colquhouns from the rear.The Colquhouns were driven into the Moss of Auchingaich where their cavalry was useless and over two hundred Colquhouns were killed. However, the emnity was eventually buried at the end of the eighteenth century the chiefs of the two clans met and shook hands on the site of the battle. <ref>George Way of Plean and Romilly Squire, 108</ref>

In 1625 Sir John Colquhoun of Luss was created a Baronet of Nova Scotia. However in 1632 he was accused of absconding with his wife's sister, Lady Catherine Graham, daughter of the Earl of Montrose. <ref>George Way of Plean and Romilly Squire, 108</ref> He was accused of using sorcery and witchcraft and perhaps wisely he did not return to answer these charges. He became a fugitive and his estates were forfeited. Sir John's eldest son recovered the estates in 1646.<ref>George Way of Plean and Romilly Squire, 108</ref>

Eighteenth Century

In 1703 Sir Humphrey Colquhoun, fifth Baronet represented Dunbartonshire in the last Scottish Parliament and strongly opposed the Treaty of Union.<ref>George Way of Plean and Romilly Squire, 108</ref> In 1704 he resigned his baronetcy to the crown and obtained a new patent which allowed the title to pass to his daughter's husband, James Grant of Pluscardine and their children. <ref>George Way of Plean and Romilly Squire, 109</ref>

He died without male issue and the title passed to his daughter's husband, James Grant of Pluscardine.<ref>George Way of Plean and Romilly Squire, 109</ref> However when Pluscardine's elder brother died he re-assumed the name of Grant. He was the ancestor of the Earls of Seafield and Barons of Strathspey, on whom the baronetcy devolved.

The estate was succeeded to by Sir James Grant Colquhoun who was the fourth son of James Grant and Ann Colquhoun.<ref>George Way of Plean and Romilly Squire, 109</ref> He built the mansion of Rossdhu which remains the seat of the chiefs of Clan Colquhoun.<ref>George Way of Plean and Romilly Squire, 109</ref>

Twentieth Century

Sir Ian Colquhoun was a popular public figure and decorated military veteran. He was among the founders of the National Trust for Scotland as well as a member of the Royal Commission on Ancient and Historical Monuments.<ref>George Way of Plean and Romilly Squire, 109</ref>

Sir Ivar Colquhoun, 30th Laird of Luss and 32nd Chief of Colquhoun succeeded as chief of the clan in 1948. He was the longest serving chief of the clan having served as chief for almost 60 years until his death in 2008. <ref>http://clancolquhoun.blogspot.co.uk/2008/02/death-of-sir-ivar-colquhoun.html</ref>

References <references/>