Craig

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Clan Craig

Clan Craig is a Scottish family or kin-group who do not have a recognised chief and are therefore considered an armigerous clan.

Origins

The surname is derived from the Scots word for a steep or rocky cliff. <ref>Plean, Squire, Encyclopedia, 374</ref> As a consequence it is not possible to attribute any particular place of origin.<ref>Plean, Squire, Encyclopedia, 374</ref> Variants of the name are Craik and Craigie. In the fifteenth century there were three families said to have been styling themselves Craig of that Ilk.<ref>Plean, Squire, Encyclopedia, 374</ref>

Craig of Riccarton

Sir Thomas Craig of Riccarton (b.1538) became the most notable family member during the sixteenth century.<ref>Plean, Squire, Encyclopedia, 374</ref> He studied at the University of St. Andrews before travelling to Paris to study law.

His great work, Jus Feudale, is still considered an important Scottish Law text.<ref>Plean, Squire, Encyclopedia, 374</ref> He was admired by James VI and present at the royal entry into London and Coronation of James VI as king of England.

A later Craig was a member of the Supreme Court Bench in Edinburgh in 1812 with the title 'Lord Craig'.<ref>Plean, Squire, Encyclopedia, 374</ref> Sir James Gibson Craig was an Edinburgh politician and baronet, as well as an associate of Sir Walter Scott.<ref>Plean, Squire, Encyclopedia, 374</ref>

Ireland

Sir James Craig and his family left Scotland for Ireland in 1610 as part of the Ulster Plantation. A descendant, James Craig, was prominent in the struggle against Home Rule in the early twentieth century. He later became Prime Minister of Northern Ireland in 1921 with the title 'Viscount Craigavon'.<ref>Plean, Squire, Encyclopedia, 374</ref>

Craig remained in power for three decades and was finally forced to retire by the Second World War, dying soon afterwards. His name was given to the new town of Craigavon in Co. Armagh.

References <references/>