Daziel

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Clan Daziel -also- Dalyell is a Scottish family or kin-group which does not have a chief recognised by the Lord Lyon and is therefore considered an armigerous clan.

Origins

This is the name of a location in the Clyde Valley which was recorded in 1200 as both Dalyell and Daleel. <ref>David Dorward, Dictionary of Scottish Surnames, 64</ref> It is derived from the Gaelic dail ghil meaning 'at the white field. <ref>Dorward, Surnames, 64</ref>It can be pronounced 'dal-yell' or 'de-yell'. <ref>Dorward, Surnames, 64</ref>

Since 1259 over two hundred different versions of this name have been recorded. <ref>George Way of Plean and Romilly Squire, Scottish Clan and Family Encyclopedia, 380</ref> It is associated with the old barony of Dalziel in Lanarkshire. <ref>Plean, Squire, Encyclopedia, 380</ref>

The name also has heritage in Shetland, where it is taken from the island of Yell. <ref>Plean, Squire, Encyclopedia, 380</ref>

The family coat of arms features a hanged man. It is said to come from the time of Kenneth II when a body was recovered from a gibbet in enemy territory. <ref>Plean, Squire, Encyclopedia, 380</ref>

Middle Ages

Huge de Dalyhel was sheriff of Lanark in 1288. <ref>Dorward, Surnames, 64</ref> Thomas de Dalziel is mentioned as a baron on the Ragman Roll of 1296. <ref>Plean, Squire, Encyclopedia, 380</ref> He was later a follower of Robert the Bruce. Sir William de Dalziel lost an eye at the Battle of Otterburn in 1388.<ref>Plean, Squire, Encyclopedia, 380</ref>

Seventeenth Century

The head of the family became Earl of Carnwath in 1639. <ref>Dorward, Surnames, 64</ref> Robert, second Earl was a military commander of the forces of Charles I in Scotland and was credited with the royalist victory at the Battle of Naseby. The fifth Earl supported the Jacobite rising of 1715 and as a result his title and estates were confiscated. <ref>Plean, Squire, Encyclopedia, 381</ref>

Sir Thomas Dayell of the Binns in West Lothian was from one of the oldest cadet branches. He fought in the civil war and after the execution of Charles I vowed to never shave again in memorial. He was imprisoned in the Tower of London after the royalist defeat at the Battle of Worcester. <ref>Plean, Squire, Encyclopedia, 381</ref>

He escaped to the Continent and later served in the forces of the Russian Tsar, later returning to be Charles II's commander in chief in Scotland.<ref>Plean, Squire, Encyclopedia, 381</ref> The House of the Binns was built in 1623 and survives today with 19th century modifications. Gen. Dayell's descendant is the veteran Labour politician Tam Dalyell, who posed the 'West Lothian Question' and was an unsuccessful opponent of devolution.


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