Farquarson

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Clan Farquarson is a Scottish chiefly family

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Origins

Linguistically, Farquarson is associated with the Gaelic personal name 'Fearchar', which means 'very dear one'. <ref> David Dorward, Collins Dictionary of Scottish Surnames (Glasgow, Harper Collins, 1995) 91</ref> It was popular as a Celtic forename and is recorded all over medieval Scotland. <ref> Doward, Dictionary, 91</ref> The Chiefly family trace their origins to Farquhar, fourth son of Alexander Cier (Shaw) of Rothiemurchus, Aberdeenshire. <ref> George Way of Plean and Romilly Squire, Scottish Clan and Family Encyclopedia, (Glasgow, Harper Collins, 1994)</ref> His descendents were called Farquarsons. His grandson, Finla Mor was the real progenitor of the clan. Known by his Gaelic patronymic of MacFionlaigh Mor he was royal standard bearer at the Battle of Pinkie, where he was killed in 1547. <ref>Plean, Squire, Encyclopedia, 134</ref> From this period the clan expanded, with important branches being founded by his various sons. <ref>Plean, Squire, Encyclopedia, 91</ref>




Septs

There are other families which are acknowledged to be septs or dependents, having a close affiliation by tradition, and these include the names Hardie, MacCardney, MacCuaigh, Grassick, Riach, Brebner and Coutts<ref>Plean, Squire, Encyclopedia, 91</ref> as well as Barrie, Christie, Farquhar, Findlay, Findlayson, Finlay, Gracie, Greusach, Hardy, Kellas, Lyon,MacCaig, Macartney, MacEarachar, MacFarquhar, Machardie, MacKerchar, MacKerracher, Mackindlay, Mackinlay, Paterson, Reoch, Tawse. <ref>http://www.electricscotland.com/webclans/septs.htm</ref>

Fifteenth and Sixteenth Centuries

Towards the end of the 16th century the Clan Erskine chiefs set out to claim the Earldom of Mar but they were opposed by the increasing power of the Farquharsons. <ref>Plean, Squire, Encyclopedia, 134</ref> Braemar Castle was built by John Erskine, 18th Earl of Mar but it fell into the hands of the Clan Farquharson.<ref>Plean, Squire, Encyclopedia, 134</ref> The clan became known as the fighting Farquharsons due to their fierce reputation and they became strong supporters of the Stuarts.<ref>Plean, Squire, Encyclopedia, 134</ref>

Braemar Castle

Seventeenth Century and Clan Conflicts

During the Scottish Civil War Donald Farquharson of Monaltrie fought for James Graham, 1st Marquess of Montrose in 1644 and the family supported Charles II. John Farquharson of Inverey was known as the Black Colonel and burned Braemar Castle.[3] John supported James VII of Scotland and followed John Graham, 1st Viscount Dundee in 1689. <ref>Plean, Squire, Encyclopedia, 135</ref> After Dundee's death in 1689 the Clan Farquharson supported his successor, Thomas Buchan of the Clan Buchan.

In the late 17th century the Earl of Airlie came into dispute with the Clan MacThomas over the lands of Canlochcan. <ref>Plean, Squire, Encyclopedia, 135</ref>Airlie's legal action was successful but the chief of Clan MacThomas refused to recognize this and continued to pasture his cattle on the disputed land. In response Airlie used his legal right to lease the land to men of the Clan Farquharson which led to a feud.<ref>Plean, Squire, Encyclopedia, 259</ref> On the 28 January 1673 Farquharson of Broughdearg was killed along with two sons of the chief of Clan MacThomas. The lawsuits that followed crippled the MacThomas chief. <ref>Plean, Squire, Encyclopedia, 259</ref>

Jacobitism

Alwyne Compton Farquharson of Invercauld, Chief of Clan Farquharson and his wife, Madame Farquharson

During the Jacobite rising of 1715 another John Farquharson of Invercauld was a colonel in the Clan Chattan Confederation regiment which supported James Francis Edward Stuart. John was taken prisoner at the Battle of Preston, the same year. <ref>Plean, Squire, Encyclopedia, 135</ref> He was held at Marshalsea Prison and was condemned to be executed at the Tower of London, however he and two other highland officers were reprieved on the morning of execution. He was paroled and but allowed to return to Scotland for over twenty years. <ref>Plean, Squire, Encyclopedia, 135</ref> During the 1745 Jacobite rising, the cousin of John Farquharson was Lady Anne Farquharson-MacKintosh who was wife of Angus Mackintosh, chief of Clan Mackintosh. Angus Mackintosh was in fact a serving officer in the Black Watch regiment of the British Army and he was captured at the Battle of Prestonpans by Jacobite forces. Mackintosh was sent home to Moy having been given parole not to take arms against the Jacobites and when he arrived he was greeted by his wife, Anne Farquharson, who said "Your servant, captain" to which he replied "Your servant, colonel".<ref>Plean, Squire, Encyclopedia, 135</ref>She was ever after known as Colonel Anne. Anne later saved Charles Edward Stuart from capture in what is known as the Rout of Moy. Anne was imprisoned for six weeks after the Battle of Culloden. <ref>Plean, Squire, Encyclopedia, 135</ref>

Succession

Anne's father John had succeeded his brother William who died unmarried in 1694. John died in 1750 and was succeeded by his son, James, who died in 1805. From his marriage to Amelia, daughter of the Jacobite general Lord George Murray he fathered eleven children, however all but one predeceased him. <ref>Plean, Squire, Encyclopedia, 135</ref> In 1815 the Lyon Court recognised her as the chief of Farquarson. She was followed by her son, James. On the death in 1936 of Jame's descendent, Alexander Haldane Farquharson of Invercauld the arms were conferred to his daughter, Myrtle, but she was killed in an air raid in 1941. <ref>Plean, Squire, Encyclopedia, 135</ref> She was succeeded by her nephew, Captain Alwyne Farquharson of Invercauld, who is the present chief. <ref>Plean, Squire, Encyclopedia, 135</ref>

Braemar Castle

Braemar Castle

Braemar Castle was opened to the public by Captain Alwyne and his wife in the early 1960s. It remained open until 2004 until ill health forced its closure. <ref>http://www.braemarcastle.co.uk/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=47&Itemid=62</ref> The castle remained closed for two years until the local community reached an agreement with the Farquharsons for a lease of the castle, and its reopening under community management. <ref>http://www.braemarcastle.co.uk/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=47&Itemid=62</ref>

Today

The Clan Farquharson Association was restarted in 2001 after many years of inactivity. <ref> http://www.farquharson-clan.co.uk/content/about.htm </ref>


References

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