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Hog (also spelt Hogg) are a Scottish family or kin-group who do not have a chief recognised by the Lord Lyon and are therefore considered an armigerous clan.

The name is associated with Edinburgh and the Borders. <ref>Dorward, Surnames, 404</ref>


The Scots word ‘hogg’ means young sheep.<ref>Dorward, Surnames, 144</ref> Despite this the name is usually taken as a reference to swine. <ref>Dorward, Surnames, 144</ref>

This name has an ancient heritage in Scotland. <ref>George Way of Plean and Romilly Squire, Scottish Clan and Family Encyclopedia, 404</ref> Malmer Hoge is recorded in Lennox in 1294.<ref>David Dorward, Dictionary of Scottish Surnames, 144</ref>

Alexander Hog ‘de Hogstown’ appears on the Ragman Roll giving fealty to Edward I of England in 1296. <ref>Plean, Squire, Encyclopedia, 404</ref> Henry Hogg and John Hogg also feature as border landowners.<ref>Dorward, Surnames, 404</ref>

Middle Ages

The main family of this name were based in Edinburgh. Roger Hog acquired charters to his lands there during the reign of David II. <ref>Plean, Squire, Encyclopedia, 404</ref> In 1373 Hog received land from the Countess of Fife and was from then onwards styled ‘of Harcarse’.<ref>Plean, Squire, Encyclopedia, 404</ref>

A family of Hoggs were burgesses in Edinburgh during the 14th century. <ref>Dorward, Surnames, 144</ref>

Seventeenth Century

Roger Hog of Newliston matriculated arms in the Lyon Register in 1783. He was recognised as ‘chief and representor of that surname’. <ref>Plean, Squire, Encyclopedia, 404</ref>

Eighteenth Century

John Hogg, porter at Edinburgh University, was celebrated in a poem by Robert Fergusson. <ref>Doward, Surnames, 144</ref>

Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries

Lt. Colonel Steuart Hog of Newlinson was an advocate at the Scottish Bar. He was appointed Vice-Lord Lietenant of West Lothian in 1935. Newlinson House still exists on the outskirts of Edinburgh. <ref>Plean, Squire, Encyclopedia, 404</ref>