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Clan Home

Clan Home are a Scottish chiefly family. Another version of the name is Hume with which it was interchangeable until the 19th century. <ref>David Doward, Dictionary of Scottish Surnames, 150</ref>

Origins

The Homes were a powerful Borders family are said to have been descendents of the Saxon Princes of Northumberland through Cospatrick, Earl of Dunbar. <ref>George Way of Plean and Romilly Squire, Scottish Clan and Family Encyclopedia, 169</ref>

Middle Ages

Prior to 1266, William de Home appears in land grants to the Monastery at Coldstream. <ref>Plean, Squire, Encyclopedia, 168</ref>

In 1402 Alexander Home of Dunglass was captured at the Battle of Homildon.<ref>Plean, Squire, Encyclopedia, 168</ref>Later he followed the Earl of Douglas to France but was killed in battle in 1424.<ref>Plean, Squire, Encyclopedia, 168</ref> Most of the principal cadet branches of the clan are descended from his three sons.<ref>Plean, Squire, Encyclopedia, 168</ref>

In 1473 his eldest grandson was created a Lord of Parliament, taking the title Lord Home.<ref>Plean, Squire, Encyclopedia, 168</ref> He joined the rebellion against James II of Scotland which resulted in the death of the king.<ref>Plean, Squire, Encyclopedia, 168</ref>

His son was the second Lord Home who, during the minority of James IV of Scotland, became joint administrator of Berwickshire and the Lothians. He also became Great Chamberlain of Scotland in 1488.<ref>Plean, Squire, Encyclopedia, 168</ref>

Lord Home and his followers formed part of the army levied by James IV for his invasion of England in 1513. At the Battle of Flodden, Lord Home led the vanguard of Scots knights, and although he personally escaped the slaughter, many of his family and supporters were not so fortunate.<ref>Plean, Squire, Encyclopedia, 168</ref>

Sixteenth Century

Lord Kames

Home was later appointed as one of the counsellors to the Queen Regent.<ref>Plean, Squire, Encyclopedia, 168</ref> However the fortunes of the Homes suffered when the regency was transferred to the Duke of Albany. <ref>Plean, Squire, Encyclopedia, 168</ref> Lord Home was arrested for treason after being accused of conspiring with the English and he and his brother were executed in October 1516.Their heads were then displayed on Edinburgh Tolbooth. <ref>Plean, Squire, Encyclopedia, 168</ref>

The title and estates were later restored to another brother, George Home. <ref>Plean, Squire, Encyclopedia, 168</ref> On several occasions George Home led Border spearmen against the English.<ref>Plean, Squire, Encyclopedia, 168</ref> However he was thrown from his horse and died from his injuries on the eve of the Battle of Pinkie Cleugh in 1547.<ref>Plean, Squire, Encyclopedia, 168</ref>The Home's lands were occupied by the English, however Lord Home's son, the fifth Lord, retook them in 1549.<ref>Plean, Squire, Encyclopedia, 168</ref> He also supported the Scottish Reformation and sat in the Parliament of 1560 that the passed Protestant Confession of Faith. <ref>Plean, Squire, Encyclopedia, 168</ref>

During the politics of Mary, Queen of Scots, the Homes, like many others, shifted their allegiance more than once. <ref>Plean, Squire, Encyclopedia, 169</ref> Lord Home had supported the marriage of the Earl of Bothwell to Mary but he later led his men at the Battle of Langside against the queen. <ref>Plean, Squire, Encyclopedia, 169</ref> Then in 1573 he was arrested and convicted of treason against the young James VI of Scotland. He was released from Edinburgh Castle only after his health had failed, dying a few days later. <ref>Plean, Squire, Encyclopedia, 169</ref>

His son, Alexander, the sixth Lord Home, was devoted to James VI and was a royal favourite throughout his life.<ref>Plean, Squire, Encyclopedia, 169</ref>

Seventeenth Century

When James VI of Scotland travelled to England to take possession of his new kingdom in 1603 as James I of England, he stopped at Dunglass and Lord Home accompanied him to London. Home was raised to the title of Earl of Home in March 1605. <ref>Plean, Squire, Encyclopedia, 169</ref>

The third Earl of Home was a supporter of King Charles I. In 1648 he was colonel of the Berwickshire Regiment of Foot.<ref>Plean, Squire, Encyclopedia, 169</ref> In 1650 when Oliver Cromwell invaded Scotland he made a point of seizing Home's castle which was then garrisoned by Parliament's troops.<ref>Plean, Squire, Encyclopedia, 169</ref>

Eighteenth Century

David Hume

The Homes also changed sides during the Jacobite risings of the eighteenth century.<ref>Plean, Squire, Encyclopedia, 169</ref> During the Jacobite rising of 1715, the seventh Earl of Home was imprisoned in Edinburgh Castle. His brother James Home of Ayton had his estates confiscated for his part in the rebellion. <ref>Plean, Squire, Encyclopedia, 169</ref>

During the Jacobite rising of 1745 the eighth Earl of Home joined British government forces under Sir John Cope at Dunbar.<ref>Plean, Squire, Encyclopedia, 169</ref> He later fought at the Battle of Prestonpans. The earl rose to the rank of Lieutenant General and was appointed Governor of Gibraltar where he died in 1761.<ref>Plean, Squire, Encyclopedia, 169</ref>

Henry Home, Lord Kames was a distinguished eighteenth century lawyer who published several important works on Scots law which are still highly regarded. David Hume (1711-1776) was perhaps the most highly regarded British philosopher of the eighteenth century.<ref>Plean, Squire, Encyclopedia, 169</ref>

Twentieth Century

The family again came to public prominence in the mid-twentieth century when the fourteenth earl, Alec Douglas-Home, disclaimed his hereditary peerage to briefly become Prime Minister of the United Kingdom. This was only for his lifetime and the peerage was revived by his successor. <ref>Plean, Squire, Encyclopedia, 169</ref> Other prominent members of the wider family in twentieth century include Cardinal Hume, Catholic Archbishop of Westminster (1923-1999) and the Irish Nationalist politician, John Hume (b.1937) winner of the Nobel Peace Prize. <ref>http://www.clan-home.org/history-of-the-homes.htm</ref>

Today

Lord Home

The present chief is David Alexander Cospatrick Douglas-Home, The 15th Earl of Home, Lord Home, Lord Dunglass, Baron Douglas of Douglas. There is an active Clan Association: http://www.clan-home.org/

In 2013 Clan Home organised a clan gathering which included a dinner at Wedderburn Castle as well as a visit to the site of the Battle of Flodden. <ref>http://www.clan-home.org/</ref> The clan association is currently engaged in an vast and ambitious project to create a full family tree. <ref>http://www.clan-home.org/home-family-tree.htm</ref>

References

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