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Kinloch are a Scottish family or kin-group that does not have a chief recognised by the Lord Lyon and is therefore considered armigerous clan.


A name with a territorial origin. <ref>George Way of Plean and Romilly Squire, Scottish Clan and Family Encyclopedia, 408</ref> Plean and Squire state that it is associated with the lands near Rossie Loch in Fife - 'ceann-loch' meaning 'head of the loch'. <ref>Plean, Squire, Encyclopedia, 408</ref>

However, Dorward states that there are several places in Perthshire and Fife which would give rise to this surname. <ref>David Dorward, Dictionary of Scottish Surnames, 172</ref>Early citations of the name suggest a lost place name such as Kindallach in Strathtay- 'at the head of the field or meadow'. <ref>Dorward, Surnames, 172</ref>

The family are one of the oldest in Scotland, according to Alexander Nisbet. They received charters to their land as early as the reign of Alexander III (1241-86)<ref>Plean, Squire, Encyclopedia, 408</ref> Gilbert, clerk of Kinloch is recorded between 1170 and 1178. <ref>PoMS no. 346 ( accessed 16th May 2014)</ref> John de Kundelouch had confirmation of the privilege of a Millpool in Fife around 1250. <ref>Plean, Squire, Encyclopedia, 409</ref>

Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries

George Kinloch, styled 'of Kinloch and Cruivie' lived through the reigns of James IV and V and had several sons who founded cadet families of Kinloch of Kilrie and Kinloch of Gourdie. <ref>Plean, Squire, Encyclopedia, 409</ref>

David Kinloch, who might have been a member of one of these cadet branches, was a physician and traveller.<ref>Plean, Squire, Encyclopedia, 409</ref>He aquired the lands of Aberbothrie from James VI in 1616.<ref>Plean, Squire, Encyclopedia, 409</ref>

William Kinloch (according to Dorward, probably a Dundonian) was a composer of music as well as being a secret agent for Mary Queen of Scots during her imprisonment. <ref>Dorward, Surnames, 172</ref>

His son, Sir James Kinloch, purchased a barony of Nova Scotia in 1685.<ref>Plean, Squire, Encyclopedia, 409</ref> A cadet family, the Kinlochs of Gilmerton, also purchased a barony of Nova Scotia in 1686.<ref>Plean, Squire, Encyclopedia, 409</ref> Francis Kinloch, Provost of Edinburgh, became Sir Francis. <ref></ref>

Robert Kinloch, late Ballie of Dundee, was among the investors in the ill-fated Darien scheme, as was John Kinloch, writer in Edinburgh. <ref>James Samuel Barbour, A History of William Patterson and the Darien Comapny, 271 (accessed 19th May 2013) </ref>

Eighteenth Century

In 1795 Archibald Gordon Kinloch of Gilmerton was sensationally tried in Edinburgh for the murder of his brother, Sir Francis Kinloch. <ref>Kinloch, Archibald Gordon, Sir, d. 1800, defendant; Scotland. High Court of Justiciary ( accessed 16th May 2014)</ref>

James Kinloch of that Ilk fought for the Jacobites in 1745 and later fled to France and the family lands were confiscated. <ref>Plean, Squire, Encyclopedia, 409</ref> Later the estates were repurchased by a cousin, Sir George Oliphant Kinloch. Sir George Kinloch recieved a baronetcy under the title 'Kinloch of Kinloch'.<ref>Plean, Squire, Encyclopedia, 409</ref>

Nineteenth Century

Brigadier Sir David Alexander Kinloch, 11th Baronet CB, MVO (1856–1944) served in the First World War. <ref>Plean, Squire, Encyclopedia, 409</ref>