Kinnaird

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Clan Kinnaird is a Scottish family or kin-group that does not have a chief recognised by the Lord Lyon and is therefore considered armigerous clan.

Kinnaird B CoA.png


Origins

This name is taken from a district in the Carse of Gowrie in Perthshire. <ref>George Way of Plean and Romilly Squire, Scottish Clan and Family Encyclopedia, 409</ref> <ref>David Dorward, Dictionary of Scottish Surnames, 172</ref>

William the Lion gave the barony of Kinnaird to his follower, Radulphus or Rufus by a charter in 1170. <ref>Plean, Squire, Encyclopedia, 172</ref> This is an upland area and as a consequence may have been called Ceann Ard in Gaelic, meaning 'high end or head'. <ref>http://www.electricscotland.com/Webclans/htol/kinnaird2.html</ref>

However, the exact translation of Kinnaird is 'head land' or a high piece of land jutting into the sea. This might be the reason for the naming of the Kinnaird Head Lighthouse in Fraserburgh.<ref>http://www.electricscotland.com/Webclans/htol/kinnaird2.html</ref>

Middle Ages

Between 1190 and 1227 Richard of Kinnaird gifted the waterlead descending from the mill of Kinnaird. <ref>PoMS no. 320 (http://db.poms.ac.uk/record/factoid/57085 accessed 16th May 2013)</ref>

Richard de Kinnaird, great grandson of Rufus, was one of the Scottish barons who swore fealty to Edward I of England and appears on the Ragman Roll of 1296. <ref>Plean, Squire, Encyclopedia, 409</ref>

Sir Richard de Kinnaird (grandson of Rauf de Kinnaird) had a charter of lands and barony of Kinnaird, lying in the sheriffdom of Perth. This was witnessed by John, Earl of Carrick, the King's son and Sir Richard's son, Walter, Earl of Fife. He also had a charter of confirmation of the lands of Chethynrawoch and Kinnynmond, in the barony of Slains in Aberdeenshire. <ref>http://www.electricscotland.com/Webclans/htol/kinnaird2.html</ref>

When Alan de Kinnaird (elder son of Sir Richard) died, his son Thomas succeeded him and with his wife, Egidia, (the heiress of Culbin, Forres and of half the barony of Naughton, Fife) started the family of Kinnaird of Culbin, Moray.<ref>http://www.electricscotland.com/Webclans/htol/kinnaird2.html</ref>

A younger son of Sir Richard, Reginald Kinnaird and his wife Marjorie recieved a Charter from Robert III to his wife's lands of Inchture. Reginald became the founded of the family of Kinnaird of Inchture, Perthshire.<ref>http://www.electricscotland.com/Webclans/htol/kinnaird2.html</ref>

Kinnaird Castle

Old Photograph Kinnaird Castle Perthshire Scotland.jpg

Kinnaird Castle in Perthshire was the original seat of this family. <ref>http://canmore.rcahms.gov.uk/en/site/30436/details/kinnaird+castle/ (accessed 16th May 2014)</ref> It is said they built their castle in the 13th Century, but this has been replaced by later buildings. The present Kinnaird Castle is a tower house which dates from the 15th or early 16th centuries.<ref>http://canmore.rcahms.gov.uk/en/site/30436/details/kinnaird+castle/ (accessed 16th May 2014)</ref> The Kinnaird family sold the castle in 1674. <ref>http://canmore.rcahms.gov.uk/en/site/30436/details/kinnaird+castle/ (accessed 16th May 2014)</ref>

Seventeenth Century

Sir George Kinnaird of Inchture supported the crown throughout the wars of the mid seventeenth century and was knighted by Charles II in 1661. In 1682 he became a peer with the title Lord Kinnaird of Inchture. <ref>Plean, Squire, Encyclopedia, 409</ref>

Other branches and members of the family were less fortunate in the religious upheavals and conflicts of the period and were forced to emigrate. Some of the first Scots immigrants to North America had the name Kinnaird or a variation. These included William Kinnaird who settled in Charles Town SC in 1767 and William Kinnard who settled in Philadelphia P.A. in 1786. <ref>http://www.electricscotland.com/Webclans/htol/kinnaird2.html</ref>

In 1697 George Kinniard, brother to the Lord Kinnaird, and Patrick, Lord Kinnaird, were among the investors in the ill-fated Darien scheme. <ref>James Samuel Barbour, A History of William Paterson and the Darien Company (Edinburgh, London, Blackwood and Sons, 1907) 270</ref>

Kinnaird Lords

Patrick, third Lord Kinnaird, opposed the Union of 1707.<ref>Plean, Squire, Encyclopedia, 409</ref> The fifth Lord Kinnaird died without children but the succession resulted in a court case to determine that Lady Kinnaird had not in fact previously given birth to surviving twins.<ref>Plean, Squire, Encyclopedia, 409</ref>

George Kinnaird, 7th Lord Kinnaird (1754 – 1805) was a was a representative peer in 1787 and a collector of fine art. <ref>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_Kinnaird,_7th_Lord_Kinnaird</ref>

Graham Kinnaird (1912-1997) was the last holder of the title and died aged 84 with no surviving male heirs. He did however, have five daughters. <ref>http://www.kinnaird.net/images/lordkinn.jpg (accessed 16th May 2013)</ref> Kinnaird was an eccentric member of the House of Lords before hereditary peerages were finally abolished. An old Etonian, he was a traditionalist and political reactionary, opposing marxists, trade unionists, football supporters, flight cabin crew members and loud noise. <ref>http://www.kinnaird.net/images/lordkinn.jpg (accessed 16th May 2013)</ref>

Image of Kinnaird as a young man held by the National Portrait Gallery: http://www.npgprints.com/image/441618/bassano-ltd-graham-charles-kinnaird-13th-lord-kinnaird-of-inchture-5th-baron-kinnaird-of-rossie

Less conventionally, an earlier Lord Kinnaird had been a leading football player and a principle of the Football Association. Arthur Fitzgerald Kinnaird, Lord Kinnaird (1847-1923). He is credited with scoring the first significant own goal in football history. <ref>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arthur_Kinnaird,_11th_Lord_Kinnaird</ref>

Arthur Fitzgerald Kinnaird, Lord Kinnaird (1847-1923)

Kinnaird of Culbin

A cadet house, the Kinnairds of Culbin, eventually lost their estates through a combination of natural and financial disasters. <ref>Dorward, Surnames, 172</ref><ref>http://www.kinnaird.net/culbin01.htm (accessed 16th May 2013) </ref>

References

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