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Walkinshaw are a Scottish family or kin group who do not have a chief recognised by the Lyon King of Arms and are therefore considered an armigerous clan.

The lands of Walkinshaw are in Renfrewshire.<ref>Plean, Squire, Encyclopedia, 468</ref> The ancestor of the family is said to be Douglas, a judge in the Earldom of Lennox who exchanged his lands in Knock which included the Abbey of Paisley, for Walkinshaw in 1235.<ref>Plean, Squire, Encyclopedia, 468</ref>

The Renfrewshire lands probably mean 'Walker's copse'.<ref>David Dorward, Dictionary of Scottish Surnames, 346</ref>

The family were hereditary foresters to the High Stewards of Scotland in the barony of Renfrew and this is alluded to in their heraldry. The land remained with the main family until acquired by the Walkinshaws of Garturk who later styled themselves 'of that ilk'. <ref>Plean, Squire, Encyclopedia, 468</ref>

There were other cadet branches in Burrowfield and Scotston.<ref>Plean, Squire, Encyclopedia, 468</ref> Robert Walkyngschaw appears in Glasgow in 1551.<ref>Dorward, Surnames, 346</ref>Adam Walkinshaw in Lauder in 1679.<ref>Dorward, Surnames, 346</ref>

The most famous member of this family was Clementina Walkinshaw who became mistress of Prince Charles Edward Stuart and mother of his daughter, Charlotte, Duchess of Albany. Her relationship with the Prince however did not last due to his alcoholism and abusive behaviour and she died in exile in Switzerland.