Difference between revisions of "Hope"
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Revision as of 15:35, 1 August 2014
Clan Hope is a Scottish chiefly family
This name may be of native Scots origin, deriving from the Borders family of Hop or Hoip. <ref>George Way of Plean and Romilly Squire, Scottish Clan and Family Encyclopedia, 170</ref>
In 1296 John de Hop of Peeblesshire and Adam le Houp both appear on the Ragman Rolls submitting to Edward I of England.<ref>Plean, Squire, Encyclopedia, 170</ref> Alexander Nisbet suggested that the name may be from the H'oublons of Picardy family in France. The French word oublon means hop, which when translated into English becomes Hope. <ref>Plean, Squire, Encyclopedia, 170</ref>
The immediate ancestor of the principal line of the clan was John de Hope who is said to have come to Scotland from France in 1537 as part of the retinue of Madeline de Valois, the first wife of James V of Scotland.<ref>Plean, Squire, Encyclopedia, 170</ref>John married and settled in Edinburgh where he prospered. He had a son named Edward who in 1560 was a commissioner to the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland for Edinburgh in 1560. <ref>Plean, Squire, Encyclopedia, 170</ref>
Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries
His grandson, Sir Thomas Hope, was appointed Lord Advocate by Charles I. He acquired the estate of Craighall in the parish of Ceres in Fife, which thereafter was the principal family designation.<ref>Plean, Squire, Encyclopedia, 170</ref>Sir Thomas was a lawyer whose work Hopes Practicks is still sometimes referred to by Scots lawyers today. He was created a Baronet of Nova Scotia in 1628 and helped draft the National Covenant in 1638.<ref>Plean, Squire, Encyclopedia, 170</ref>
He died in 1648 and his eldest son succeeded to the Baronetcy, taking the title Lord Craighill. He is credited to have advised Charles II of England, while in exile: 'tret with Cromwell for the one half of his cloak before he lost the whole'. <ref>Plean, Squire, Encyclopedia, 170</ref>
A junior branch of the clan were the Hopes of Hopetoun who descend from a younger son of the Lord Advocate. This son acquired lands in West Lothian and took the territorial style, Hopetoun. His son was John Hope of Hopetoun who drowned in the wreckage of the Gloucester and it is believed that he died saving the Duke of York (later James VII of Scotland and II of England). <ref>Plean, Squire, Encyclopedia, 171</ref> This may have contributed to the political ascent of his son who was elected to Parliament for Linlithgow in 1702 and in 1703 became the Earl of Hopetoun.<ref>Plean, Squire, Encyclopedia, 171</ref> He commissioned Hopetoun House, considered one of William Adam's masterpieces.
Sir John Hope, 4th Earl of Hopetoun had a notable military career, serving throughout the Peninsular War. In 1822 he staged a magnificent reception for George IV at Hopetoun during the king's famous visit to Scotland.<ref>Plean, Squire, Encyclopedia, 171</ref>
John Adrian Hope, the seventh Earl of Hopetoun, also known as the Marquess of Linlithgow, was briefly Lord Chamberlain to Queen Victorian. He was Governor General of Australia between 1900 and 1902, where his interpretation of the role and perchant for expensive ceremonies brought him into conflict with local interests. His son, the second marquess, of was Viceroy of India from 1936 to 1943.<ref>Plean, Squire, Encyclopedia, 171</ref>
The role of clan chiefs is held by the Hope Baronets of Craighall.<ref>Plean, Squire, Encyclopedia, 171</ref>
The current chief is Sir Alexander Archibald Douglas Hope (b.1969) <ref>http://www.clanhope.org/</ref>